Mitochondrial dysfunction occurs when the mitochondria do not work as well as they should due to another disease or condition. Mitochondria are found in every cell of the human body except red blood cells, and convert the energy of food molecules into the ATP that powers most cell functions.
Mitochondrial diseases are a group of disorders caused by dysfunctional mitochondria, these are what generate energy for the cell.
New studies show in some cells, the mitochondria start to mess up. Essentially they break and quit working the right way. Those broken mitochondria stop using oxygen to create energy. Instead, they use glucose, a form of sugar, to create energy in a completely different way and they start to divide over and over again – thousands of times – into a huge mass of mutated, broken cells. In other words, they form a tumor.
Treatments for mitochondrial dysfunction or disease may include:
Endurance exercises like walking, running, swimming, dancing, and cycling. Strength training is also very helpful.
Vitamins and supplements:
- Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10)
- B complex vitamins, especially thiamine (B1) and riboflavin (B2)
- L-carnitine (Carnitor)
CoQ10– is a compound made by our bodies and stored in the mitochondria of our cells. Unfortunately they decrease as we age. CoQ10 is an important vitamin-like substance required for the proper function of many organs and chemical reactions in the body. It helps provide energy to cells and has antioxidant activity.
B complex vitamins B1 (thiamine): Thiamine plays an essential role in metabolism by helping convert nutrients into energy. B2 (riboflavin): helps convert food into energy and also acts as an antioxidant.
L-carnitine is a mitochondrial boosting supplement that improves mood, learning, and memory.